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X-Men, The:

Various Writers (1968-1969)

At the beginning of 1968, Gary Friedrich took over as writer (with X-Men Vol. 1 #44), replacing Roy Thomas, with his first issue being based on a plot left over by Thomas. Just three issues later (issue #47), writer Arnold Drake similarly collaborated with Friedrich, then replaced him as the title’s permanent writer. Eight issues later (issue #55), Roy Thomas returned as writer, having only been away for a dozen issues. Thomas’s second tenure would last 10 issues, not including issue #65, written by Denny O’Neil.

One of the most important developments of this era was the addition of Jim Steranko as cover artist. Although he stayed for only a few issues only did a few issues of interiors, he brought a dynamism to the look of the title that it had never previously had.

Steranko helped pave the way for Neal Adams, who took over as head artist.

While this material is widely considered the best of the early X-Men comics, sales of the title didn’t sufficiently improve. Issue #66 was the title’s last new issue. The title continued, although it only featured reprinted previous stories, which it did in their original order, although it skipped through many of the title’s early issues. Reprints continued through issue #93 (for a total of 27 all-reprint issues), before a new team of X-Men debuted in Giant Size X-Men #1 and took over X-Men Vol. 1 with issue #94.

X-Men Vol. 1 #44

“Red Raven, Red Raven…!” -- 15 pages

  • script by Gary Friedrich; story by Roy Thomas; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by John Tartaglione

“The Iceman Cometh!” -- 5 pages

  • written by Gary Friedrich; pencils by George Tuska; inks by John Verpoorten

cover by Don Heck, John Tartaglione, and Marie Severin; published by Marvel Comics; cover-dated May 1968
X-Men Vol. 1 #92
reprints the main story from X-Men Vol. 1 #44 and “The Warning!” from Mystery Tales #30; cover by Ron Wilson and Mike Esposito; published by Marvel Comics; $0.25; cover-dated Feb 1975
X-Men Vol. 1 #45

“When Mutants Clash!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Gary Friedrich; pencils by Don Heck, Werner Roth, and George Tuska; inks by John Tartaglione and John Verpoorten
  • continues into Avengers Vol. 1 #53

“And the mob cried Vengeance!”

  • written by Gary Friedrich; pencils by George Tuska; inks by John Verpoorten

cover by July 1968; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #93
reprints the main story from X-Men Vol. 1 #45 and “The Mechanical Men!” from Journey into Mystery Vol. 1 #74; final reprint issue; the final page of the main story ends with a caption saying that the story would continue in Giant-Size X-Men #1 (instead of Avengers Vol. 1 #53), indicating that Giant-Size X-Men #1 (which featured a new story) was originally going to continue the title’s reprints and include Avengers Vol. 1 #53; cover taken from X-Men Vol. 1 #45; published by Marvel Comics; $0.25; cover-dated June 1975
X-Men Vol. 1 #46

“The End of the X-Men” -- 15 pages

  • written by Gary Friedrich; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by George Tuska

“…and then there were two” -- 5 pages

  • written by Gary Friedrich; pencils by George Tuska; inks by John Tartaglione

cover by Don Heck and John Verpoorten; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12; cover-dated July 1968
X-Men Vol. 1 #47

“The Warlock Wears Three Faces!” -- 15 pages

  • script by Gary Friedrich and Arnold Drake; story by Gary Friedrich; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by John Tartaglione

“I, the Iceman” -- 5 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Verpoorten

cover by Don Heck and Frank Giacoia; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12; cover-dated Aug 1968
X-Men Vol. 1 #48

“Beware Computo Commander of the Robot Hive!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by John Verpoorten

“Yours Truly the Beast” -- 5 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Verpoorten

cover by John Romita Sr and Frank Giacoia; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #49

“Who Dares Defy … The Demi-Men?” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by John Tartaglione

“A Beast is Born”

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Verpoorten

cover by Jim Steranko; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #50

“City of Mutants” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Jim Steranko; inks by John Tartaglione

“This Boy, This Bombshell!” -- 5 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Verpoorten

cover by Jim Steranko; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #51

“The Devil Had a Daughter!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Jim Steranko; inks by John Tartaglione

“The Lure of the Beast-Nappers!”

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Tartaglione

cover by Jim Steranko; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #52

“Twilight of the Mutants!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by John Tartaglione

“The Crimes of the Conquistador” -- 5 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Verpoorten

first appearance of Cerebro; cover by Marie Severin and Joe Sinnott; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #53

“The Rage of Blastaar!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Barry Windsor-Smith; inks by Michael Esposito

“Welcome to the Club, Beast!” -- 5 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by John Tartaglione

cover by Barry Windsor-Smith and Mike Esposito; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #54

“Wanted: Dead or Alive — Cyclops!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by Vince Colletta

“The Million Dollar Angel!” -- 5 pages

  • written by Arnold Drake; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by Vince Colletta

cover by Barry Windsor-Smith and John Romita Sr.; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #55

“The Living Pharoah!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Werner Roth; breakdowns by Don Heck; inks by Vince Colletta

“Where Angels Dare To Tread!” -- 5 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by Sam Grainger
  • continues from “The Million Dollar Angel” from X-Men Vol. 1 #54

cover by Barry Windsor-Smith and Vince Colletta; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12; cover-dated Apr 1969
X-Men Vol. 1 #56

“What is…The Power?” -- 15 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

“The Flying A-Bomb!” -- 5 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by Sam Grainger

cover by Neal Adams and John Romita; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #57

“The Sentinels…Live!” -- 15 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

“The Female of the Species!”

  • written by Linda Fite; pencils by Werner Roth; inks by Sam Grainger

cover by Neal Adams and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.12
X-Men Vol. 1 #58

“Mission: Murder!” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Neal Adams and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15
X-Men Vol. 1 #59

“Do or Die, Baby!” -- 20 pages

  • script by Roy Thomas; story by Chris Claremont; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Neal Adams; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15
Giant-Size X-Men #2

written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer; reprints the main story from X-Men Vol. 1 #57, X-Men Vol. 1 #58 (minus page 14), and X-Men Vol. 1 #59 (minus the bottom of page 13, all of page 14, the top of page 15, all of page 19, and the bottom of page 20); cover by Gil Kane and Klaus Janson; published by Marvel Comics; $0.50; cover-dated 1975

X-Men Vol. 1 #60

“In the Shadow of… Sauron!” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Neal Adams and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Sept 1969
X-Men Vol. 1 #61

“On the Wings of Death!” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Neal Adams and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Oct 1969
X-Men Vol. 1 #62

“Strangers … In a Savage Land!” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Neal Adams and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Nov 1969
X-Men Vol. 1 #63

“War in the World Below!” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Neal Adams and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Dec 1969
X-Men Vol. 1 #64

“The Coming of Sunfire!” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Don Heck; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Sal Buscema and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Jan 1970
X-Men Vol. 1 #65

“Before I’d Be Slave…” -- 20 pages

  • written by Denny O’Neil; pencils by Neal Adams; inks by Tom Palmer

cover by Marie Severin and Tom Palmer; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Feb 1970
X-Men Vol. 1 #66

“The Mutants and the Monster” -- 20 pages

  • written by Roy Thomas; pencils by Sal Buscema; inks by Sam Grainger

cover by Marie Severin and Sam Grainger; published by Marvel Comics; $0.15; cover-dated Mar 1970

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